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Computers - Иностранные языки


   When Charles Babbage, a professor of Mathematics at Cambridge university,
   invented the first calculating machine in 1812 he couldn't imagine the
   situation we find ourselves in today. Nearly everything we do in the world
   is helped, or even controlled by computers, the complicated descedants of
   his simple machine. Computers are used more and more often in the world
   today, for the simple reason that they are far more efficent than human
   beings. They have much better memories and they can store much
   information. No man alive can do 500000 sums in one second, but a computer
   can. In fact, computers can do many of the things we do, but faster and
   better. They can predict weather, and ever play chess, write poetry or
   compose music.

                              The use of computers

   Just as television has extended human sight across the barriers of time
   and distance, so the computers extend the power of the human mind across
   the existing barriers.

                             Computers in medicine

   Computers are one of great importance in modern hospital. The chief use of
   computers is the storing and sorting the medical knowledge which has been
   equired in the last 50 years. No doctor can possible keep up with all
   discoveries. The only solution of the problem is store medical knowledge
   in a computer. Today there are medical computer centers were all existing
   knowledge of simpthoms of various dessieses and of their treatment is
   stored. Doctors feed data on simpthoms in the computer and get the
   nessesary information on correct diagnostics and treatment.

                          Computers that can be learn

   Ordinary computer can remember only the data stored in the hard disk. Now
   scientists have desighned machines, that are capable of learning from
   experience and remembering what they have learned. Such a machine is
   capable of recognising objects without human help or control. Of course,
   they made many mistakes.

   There is another similar machine which can look at letter alphabet a
   simple words and they “say” thought a loudes speaker what it has seen. The
   machine has as certain learning power.

                            Computers at the school

   Information science with the ideas and message of processing and storing
   informations is of great importance today. That's why computer technology
   must be told in secondary school. The new subject “basic information
   science”, and “computing machine” was intreduste for the siner forms at
   schools. The pupils teach computers to anlestigate school problems.
   Contact with the machine increases the interest in learning, makes them
   more serious about studing new subject. School computers are used not only
   for studing information science, but also examinations purposes. Young
   people who finish the school must be trained to operate computers.



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