California Los-Angeles. Places of interest - Иностранные языки - Скачать бесплатно
ЮЖНО-САХАЛИНСКИЙ ЛИЦЕЙ ЭКОНОМИКИ И ПРАВА
Работа по английскому языку
За курс средней
PLACES OF INTEREST
Ученица 11 технического класса
Нуреева Виктория Алексеевна
Учитель английского языка
Table of Contents.
1.1. California today………………………………………………………………………….4
1.2.The History of Los Angeles County……………………………………………………4
II. Los Angeles
2.1. Los Angeles now………………………………………………………………………..7
2.3. Six Flags Magic Mountain…………………………………………………………….14
2.4 Universal Studios……………………………………………………………………....15
California, Los Angeles, Disneyland, Hollywood, Beverly Hills…have you
ever heard these names? I am sure you have. What are these places , where
are they situated, what is their history? I am sure this question have at
least onece stirred your curiosity. In my work I’ve tried to cover all
these most interesting questions, including history, places of interest
their description and even parks’ entrance fees. I hope my work will help
you to get better acquainted with one of the most beautiful state of the
USA – California and its one of the most gougeous cities – Los Angeles, or
a City of Angels.
California is perhaps the most unique state in the USA. It leads the
country in manufacturing and farming. Its area is the 3rd in the country
and it has the largest population, of which the white people constitute
less than 50%. It is the most popular place to spend vacations - hiking in
National parks, swimming in the Pacific Ocean and sightseeing in the
cities. Such well-known places as Hollywood Disneyland, Death Valley, and
the San Diego Zoo are located in California. First European settlements in
California were Spanish, and in 1821, when Mexico became independent, it
became its part. In 1848 the United States took control over this state.
And on September 9, 1850, it became the 31 state of the USA.
> Capital - Sacramento.
> Population - 29,839,250 (1st).
The state symbols are:
> Bird - California Valley Quail,
> Flower - Golden Poppy,
> Motto - "Eureka" ("I have found it"),
> Song - "I love you, California",
> Tree - California Redwood.
1.2.The History of Los Angeles County.
When Spanish occupation of California began in 1769, an exploratory
expedition of more than 60 persons led by Gaspar de Portola moved north
through the area now known as Los Angeles. They camped by a river where
fertile soil and availability of water for irrigation impressed members of
the party. Father Juan Crespi, who accompanied the group, saw the location
as having all the requirements for a large settlement. He named the river
El Rio de Nuestra Senora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, which
means “The River of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciuncula.”
In September 1771 Father Junipero Serra and a group of Spaniards
founded the San Gabriel Mission as the center of the first "community" in
an area inhabited by small bands of Gabrielino Indians.
Twelve years after Portola's trek, which began in San Diego and ended
in Monterey, a company of settlers called "Los Pobladores" were recruited
in the states of Sonora and Sinaloa in Mexico. Their mission, under
authority of Governor Felipe de Neve, was to establish pueblos in the name
of the king of Spain.
On September 4, 1781, the Pobladores, a group of 12 families - 46 men,
women and children led by Captain Rivera y Moncada - established a
community in the area discovered by Portola, and named it El Pueblo de
Nuestra Senora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, after the nearby
river. Over time, the area became known as the Ciudad de Los Angeles, "City
of Angels," and on April 4, 1850 became the City of Los Angeles.
California was ruled by Spain until 1822 when Mexico assumed
jurisdiction. After a two-year period of hostilities with Mexico beginning
in 1846, the area came under U.S. control. In 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo made California a United States territory.The County of Los Angeles
was established on February 18, 1850 as one of the 27 original counties,
several months before California was admitted to the Union. It derived its
name from the area known as Los Angeles, already a large community, and
made it the designated "seat" of County government.
On April 1, 1850 the people of Los Angeles County asserted their newly
won right of self-government and elected a three-man Court of Sessions as
their first governing body. A total of 377 votes were cast in this
election. In 1852 the Legislature dissolved the Court of Sessions and
created a five-member Board of Supervisors. In 1913 the citizens of Los
Angeles County approved a charter recommended by a board of freeholders
which gave the County greater freedom to govern itself within the framework
of state law.
|Land Area |4,081.58 Square Miles |
|Unincorporated Area |2,653.5 Square Miles |
|Flat Land |1,741 Square Miles |
|Mountains |1,875 Square Miles |
|Hilly Land |246 Square Miles |
|Islands |131 Square Miles |
|Mountain Valleys |59 Square Miles |
|Marsh Land |28 Square Miles |
The official flag of the county of Los Angeles is blue, green and
gold.The blue signifies clear skies. The green border is to keep Los
Angeles beautiful and the gold lettering "county of Los Angeles" stands for
the land of opportunity for everyone since gold was discovered in
The seal is the official seal of the County of Los Angeles.
The flag was approved on October 17, 1967 by the Board of Supervisors and
flew for the first time in front of the County Courthouse on March 28,
2.1. Los Angeles now.
Los Angeles teems with excitement both sunup and sundown. Los Angeles
is a youthful, vibrant city, proud of her well extablished roots.
Claimed for Spain by Portuguese conquistador Juan Cabrillo in 1542,
the sleepy Indian village of 4000 was named ElPueblo Nuestra Senora la
Reina de Los Angeles – “The city of Our Lady Queen of the Angels.”
Today the “City Of Angels” hosts an assortment of lifestyles and a
population of nearly three million, with over seven million in Los Angeles
The boundaries econompass over 463 square miles of urban ,desert,
mountain and coastl landscapes. This area is large enough to hold the
combined cities of St. Louis, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Boston,
Pittsburgh, Manhattan and San Francisco.
Los angeles basks in a mediterranean climate and 350 days of golden
sun yearly. The dry summers and comfortable winters make L.A. the envy of
Beverly Hills is the world-famous meeting place for the elite and the
curious visitor. Rolls Royces, Mercedes and Jaguars line the streets, and
the famous and not-so-famous stroll these chic boulevards in search of
recognition and fashion trends. Gucci, Pucci, Giorgio’s, Tiffany’s and a
host of other prestigious stores add glamour and excitement to the shoping
Just around the corner, nestled under the landmark H-O-L-L-Y-W-O-O-D
sign, Hollywood thrives on the creative energies of film directors, actor,
dancers and music makers. Universal Studios, once a combination movie
studio and chicken ranch, is now the world’s largest motion picture studio.
Universal’s back lot stretches over more then 420 acres. Soundstages,
western sets, Mexican villages, and New York city streets come to life in a
Just over the hill-thrills, spills and excitement await at Southern
California’s exciting theme parks. Six Flags Magic Mountain offers more
than 100 rides and atractions to entertain the entire family. Visit the
nation’s oldest theme park – Knott’s Berry Farm, where the “old west” in
intertwined with an abundance of heart-skipping rides. And, of course, the
world famous internationsl playground – Disneyland, offers fun and fantasy
for all ages.
Dozens of additional atttractions surround Los Angeles, from Magic
Mountain to the majestic Queen Mary complex, reigning over Long Beach
Harbor. Beautiful Catalina Island is a secluded playground where sunning,
surfing, sailing and relaxing are just “twenty-six miles across the sea.”
The mangnificent beaches of Malibu, Santa Monica, Venice, Manhattan,
Hermosa and Redondo all give thousands of fisherman, surfers, swimmers,
cyclists, joggers and sun orshipers a haven year ‘round.
One of the newest attraction in the “City of Angels” is Downtown.
Beautifully decorated hotels, bold and attractive condominiums, and modern
high rise office complexes are just a few reasons for its soaring
popularity. The crown jewel of downton Los Angeles is the exquisiti Los
Angeles Music Center for the Perfoeming Arts. This complez is one of the
finest music and dramatic arts centre inthe United States today. The
Center, knowing worldwide as the home of the Annual Academy Awards, is a
complex of three thetres :the malestic Dorothy chandler Pavilion; the Mark
Taper Forum; and the Ahmanson Thetre. All three provide year-round
entertaiment with symphonies, operas, musical comedies and dramatic
presentation. Tickets for most productions are easily obtainable at very
Los Angeles’ Spanish heritage is forever enshrined and enjoyed it the
rustic xharm of Olvera Street. The original block-long El Pueblo retains a
latin flavor with traditional Spanish costumes, the aroma of Mexican food
and the display of Mexican products. This colorful and festive street
recalls the days when Los Angeles was but a dusty, sleepy pueblo.
Downtown is also home for the largest Japanese community in the US.
Little Tokyo, like its neighbors, Chinatown and Olivera Street, provides a
unique and shopping opportunity. Fine Cantonese, Mandarin, Chinese,
Japanese and Mexican restaurants abound in these three ethnic communities.
Few businesses express the tumultuous excitement as does the garment
industry (bordered by Maple and Olive Streets and 7th and 36th Streets).
Here vociferous buyers and sellers shout and cajole about the newest
fashions and fabrics. Sidewalks overflow with racks of clothes being
dalivered to display rooms. Visitors discover excellent buys ib the retail
out ouylets lining the streets.
Another exciting Downtown experience is the beautiful Atlantic
Richfield Plaza, which is the world’s largest subterranean shopping centre.
Two floofs with over fifty shops are located beneath the world headquarters
for Atlantic Richfield company and the Los angeles base for Bank of America
(the location is easily identified be the massive 520story twin black
towers). The Plaza is a delightful blend of international charm with
streets depicting the charmps Elysee, Avenida del Mercado, Via Portofino
and Picadilly Circus. An exciting array of clothing stores, speciality gift
shops, restaurants, and even a Post office and Catholic Ahapel are
available to the visitor.
“What I want Disneyland to be
the most of all is a happy place – a
place where adults and children can
experience together some of the
wonders of life. Of adventure, and
feel better because of it. ”
Disneyland is a thousand different impressions – from a space flight
to a castle – a carrousel calliope to a jazz band. It’s flovers and
fireworks, popcorn and ice cream. And it’s the sounds of laughter and the
sight of smiling faces – sights and sounds which you’ll remember long after
your day in the land of the young and happy at heart is over.
Main Street, U.S.A.
Walk past the famous floral Mickey at the Main Entrance and into a
small town way of life from America’s past. On Main Street, U.S.A., you’ll
see sights and sounds from a time when life was as leisurely as a ride on
Horse-drawn Street Car and as innocent as the antics of a silent movie
ster. Browse in the turn-of-the-centuy Emporium or ride the shiny
Disneyland Railroad. From the color and music of a hometown parade to the
nostalgic flavor of an old-fashioned treat, you'’l experience the joy of
recalling fond memories while you create new ones on Main Street, where
both sides of the street are always sunny.
Whether your visions of sugarplums include lollipops or luscious
chocolates, your sweet toot is right at home on Main street where treats
come flavored with favorite childhood memories.
A fruit vendor’s cart displays fresh,crisp wares while flovers bloom
eveywhere. The saxophone band entertains on street corners and a marching
band makes you tap your toes. Every sight and sound on Main Street is
guaranteed to make you fell “red, white, and blue ” all over!
Entertainment on Main Street comes in lots of shapes, sizes, styles,
and smiles. Disney cartoons at the Main Stret Cinema serve up hearty
helpings of laughter, while shops like the Crystal Arcade offer keepsakes
to treasure. Or learn a magic trick or two at the Main Street Magic Shop.
Just remember – on Main Street fun comes the old-fashioned way – you make
Don your pith helmets and enter the land where adventure reigns, but
beware the eyes of Mara! The Indiana Jones Adventure takes you deep into
the jungle to explore the hidden Temple of the Fobidden Eye. You’ll
encounter shrieking mummies, an avalanche of creepy crawlies, a rickety
bridge, and experience a terrifying confrontation with the ancient diety
Mara. Remember…many have come, but few have retuened!
No visit to Adventureland could be complete without taking the famous
Jungle Cruise, which has been a highlight of the Disneyland experience
since the Park opened. But are you daring enough to brave charging hippos,
hungry alligators, splashing elephants – and your guide’s outrageously
Exotic color and patterns catch the eye. Spicy scents tempt the
tastebuds. Whether you unearth gifts at the Adventureland South Sea Traders
and Adventureland Bazaar or track down new tastes at The Bengal Barbecue
and Aladdin’s Oasis, great discoveries await you at this “outpost of
The ultimate treehouse fantasy, the swiss Family Treehouse was
inspired by the living quartes of the famous family of film and furnished
from airy rooms to an ingenious waterwhel. The Treehouse is a fanciful
tribute to the kind of lifestyle you dreamt of as a child – and possibly
even yearn for as an adult.
New Orleans Square.
Come to New Orlean Square where the Pirates of the Caribbean
willshiver your timbers, and ghosts an The Haunted Mansion will tickle your
ribs1 the hot sounds of jazz and the delicious scentes of southern cooking
waft by s you stroll through the French Quarter. Here you’ll find shops
offering fine perfumes and one-of-a-king antiques, gourmet cookware, and
fanciful hats. It’s all part of the atmosphere of New Orleans Square, a
plase that’s as beautiful as a bayou night and as much fun as Mardi Gras!
Sailing by the twinkling lights of the famed Blue Bayou Restaurant,
guests enter a realm of delightful danger on the Pirates of the Caribbean.
You’ll voyage past pirate plunder guarded by grinning skeletons, dodge
cannnballs and escape from a town set ablaze by salty dogs. Watch out for
merrybuccanners along the way! They’re always out to steal a laugh.
Greet some folks who’ve been “dying to meeet you” – 999 unruly
spirits in The Haunted Mansion – a charming place fully equipped with hot-
and-cold running thrills! Ghostly voices guide you through a doorless
chamber past a ballroom full of transparent dancers and into graveyards
ringing with serenades from marble statues. Fun? You bet your life it is!
Pioneer days live on in Frontierland! Beneath the peaks of Big Thunder
Mountain, banjo pickers, craftspeople, farm animals, and boatmen recreate
the hardly atmosphere of the american wildernees and spirit of those who
made it theie home.
Discover a cargo of history on the Rivers of America. Board authentic
replicas of two ships: the Mark Twain Steamboat, a Mississippi
sternwheeler, and the Sailing Ship Columbia, the first American ship to
travel the world. Guests can paddle a canoe, take a refeshing ride on the
Mike Fink Keelboats or raft over to Tom Sawyer Island for adventures just
like Mark Twain's young hero enjoyed.
Catch the run-away fun on Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. Taking you
racing through a collapsing mine, past rockslides, varmints, and wild
western scenery. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is the most rip-roaring ride
you've ever hollered, rooted and hooted through!
Tucked into a shady hollow below the slopes of Splash Mountain,
Critter Country invites you to stay a spell. Enjoy the famouse Country Bear
jamboree, where big All, Teddi Barra and the Bear Rugs put on a honey of a
show! Or relax as country fiddlers, shops, and restaurants serve up god
times adn good food. Critter Country is so downright friendly, it's easy to
believe in the time when, as Uncle Remus says, “Critter were closer to the
folks, and the folks were closer to the critters!”.
Brer Rabbit says everybody needsa laughin's place, and Splash
Mountain, inspired by Walt Disney's film, Song of the South, is the perfect
one! You'll glide past hundreds of singing figures and dash over waterfalls
and around curves. Then hang on, as you head straight for the briar patch
in a zip-a-dee-doo-dah, five-story splash down!
Sleeping Beauty Castle beckons you to Fantasyland – where every
corner holds a bit of the magic of dreams come true. If Disneyland has a
heart, it is surely here, in this enchanted realm you'll recognize at once
as the home of your favorite childhood fantasies.
The whimsical headgear found at such shops as the Mad Hatter in
Fantasyland have become a time-honored Disneyland tradition – and the
perfect way to cap your fun at the Park!
The meticuljus craftmanship seen throughout Disneyland is well
represent in Fantasyland where the King Arthur Carrousel and Dumbo the
Flying Elephant turn and glide in ornately carved and painted splendor.
What could be more magical than letting a rose-bedecked steed carry you
back to the elegance of yesterday?
Fantasyland is the home of the small,gentle, and whimsical. Take a
smili-sized trip on the Casey Jr. Circus Train or voyage through Monstro's
jaws into a miniature Storybook Land. You'll be enchanted by It's a Small
World, where young goodwill ambassadors singing a hopeful song, prove that
little things make a big world of magic.
The enchanted of Walt Disney's animated film classics come to three-
dimensional life in Fantasyland. Here you'll meet a princess, get a bit of
sare from the Wicked Witch, whirl in a Mad Tea Party and experience an
amusing trip through Wonderland with Alice. You may even rub elbows with
one of the Seven Dwarfs!
Nerves tingle as you race through ice caverns and careen