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BRITISH THEATRES - Иностранные языки


     Until reccently the history of the english theatre has  been
build around  actors  rather then companies.  It has been hard to
find any London theatre that even had a consistent policy.  There
are no  permanent  staff in British theatres.  Apply is rehearsed
for a few weeks by a company of actors  working  together  mostly
for the  first  time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws
the odious and pays it's way.
     Another peculiarity  of  the theatres in Great Britain is an
follows: there are two kinds of seats,  which can  be  booked  an
advanced (bookable),  and unbookable once have no numbers and the
spectators occupy them on  the  principal:  first  come  -  first
served. And  ancient  times  plays were acted inside churches and
later on the market places.
     The first theatre in England "The Blackfries" build in 1576,
and "The Globe" build in 1599,  which is closely  connected  with
William Shakespeare.  Speaking about our times we should first of
all mention "The English National theatre","The Royal Shakespeare
company" and "Covent Garden".
     "Covent Garden" used to be a fashionable promenade - it was,
before then,  a convent garden - but when it became overrun  with
flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers,  the people
moved to more exclusive surroundings farther west,  such as  "St.
Jame's Square".
     The first "Covent Garden theatre" was build in 1732.  It was
burnt down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after. It opened in
September 1809, with Shakespeare's "Macbeth". Since the middle of
the last  century  "Covent  Garden" became exclusively devoted to
     Now "Covent  Garden"  in busier than ever,  it is one of the
few well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it
employs over  600  people both of the Opera company and the Royal
                      я_THE NATIONAL THEATRE
     It took over the  hundred  years  to  establish  a  national
theatre company.  It's  first  director  from  1962  was Lawrence
Olivier. This is the first state theatre Britain has ever had.  A
special building for it was opened in 1976. It has three theatres
in one:  "The Oliver  theatre",  the  biggest  is  for  the  main
classical repertoire;  "The Lyttilton",  a bit smaller is for new
writing and for visiting foreigh  countries  and  "The  Cottesloe
theatre", the  smallest  is  used  for  experimental  writing and
productions. "The Royal Shakespeare company" are devided  between
the country  and  the  capital and it's produces plays  mainly by
Shakespeare and his contempraries when it performs is  "Stratford
-on-Avon", and  modern plays in it's two auditoria in the Cities,
Barbican centre.                             



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